The important indication of the durability and strength of a structure is the condition of the foundations and the quality of the concrete columns. Once a serious problem is discovered in the foundations of the structure that includes multiple cracks on the concrete columns and walls of the structure, it is a sign that a process begins where the durability of the structure deteriorates and the immediate intervention of a professional is required, to begin the concrete restoration process. The process of deterioration and crack formation usually occurs as a result of corrosion which develops in the iron foundations of the structure, causing the weakening of the material which may affect the durability of the structure. The main causes of damage to concrete can result from floods, fires, earthquakes and heavy loads exerting direct pressure on the foundations. Also, another source of damage to the concrete are the same failures in the sealing of the building that cause moisture to seep into the concrete columns and from there to the irons that support the concrete and require immediate treatment to prevent severe damage to the structure.
Steps in the concrete restoration process
Concrete restoration It is a complex process that involves the professional and skilled work of a professional, who uses materials designed for concrete restoration. BG Bond specializes in the development and production of many products for the construction industry, including materials for concrete restoration. Among those products can be found the BJ Rock Concrete 330, Cement mortar that hardens quickly. This is a unique product for concrete restoration and helps prevent water from entering the concrete. Other products that are unique to concrete restoration are BJ Ripacker 305 And B.G. Rock Crete 441, Which are used for concrete restoration, concrete restoration, repair of holes and cracks. The concrete restoration process is a long process and the quality of the work and its durability for many years, requires the passage of several main stages and they are:
- Diagnosis of damage - In the first stage, the damage to the concrete is diagnosed. Locate cracks and map them according to their size, locate exposed iron in the concrete, peelings, moisture foci and worn areas of the concrete. All diagnostic work is done thoroughly and professionally for the purpose of locating the damages and failures and then, adapting the course of action and the most appropriate materials for the restoration of the concrete. In order to obtain a complete mapping of the damage to the structure, both a visual diagnosis of visible damage to the eyes and tests and drilling in certain places are used, in order to create a deeper diagnosis of the problem and repair the damage from the ground and not just the outside.
- Formulation of courses of action - In the second stage, after a thorough, reliable and professional diagnosis, the way in which the concrete is repaired and rehabilitated must be formulated, thus bringing the structure to safety standards, which will ensure the structure's long-term strength. In the second stage, they also decide on the type of material they will use for rehabilitation purposes, which will give the highest quality and best results available.
- Beginning of rehabilitation work In the third stage, the rehabilitation operation begins. First, plaster peeling, smoothing and replacing concrete are performed, and exposed irons are treated while treating corrosion and rust. When starting the restoration operation, each part must be treated separately and the recommended material for repairing the damage must be adapted for it, that is, a material suitable for concrete restoration will be used only for concrete treatment purposes and not a plaster for which there is a suitable material. After the materials have dried and reached the desired texture and quality of the concrete restoration work, the painting operation begins when the company BG Paint Specializes in developing and manufacturing a wide range of coatings And paints for interior walls And exterior walls For various uses in industry, which provide a very effective solution when painting the walls and make the work high quality and professional.
Signs warning of concrete erosion
Concrete is one of the strongest materials in the world and it is not for nothing that it is the main raw material in the construction industry. Despite all this there are natural processes which over time can impair the strength of the concrete and the quality it brings with it. It can be seen, for example, that the presence of concrete near the sea and a humid environment over time will impair its strength and durability. One of the most obvious signs of concrete erosion is the phenomenon of concrete peeling and the appearance of cracks in different areas on the concrete. This is an abrasion that is usually well visible and is characterized by peeling, cracks and disintegration of the material and requires an immediate response. Another sign that requires immediate attention and treatment is when the iron in the concrete is exposed as a result of the concrete crumbling around it and a process of corrosion and rust begins. Another common sign is when areas that swell in the concrete are discovered and for this reason, the sky begins to penetrate out of the concrete and they have nowhere to go.
Conclusions Concrete Rehabilitation
It can be seen that concrete damages require immediate response before they become irreversible damage, or one that will result in prolonged repair at a high cost to the customer. The concrete is rehabilitated in three main stages: diagnosis, formulation of procedures and start of work using dedicated and unique materials from the companies BJ Bond and BJ Paint, which will make any work more quality.